GIVEN: For a Given Network, all routers share a common multi-access segment. One router is elected the Designated Router (DR) and another is elected the Backup Designated Router (BDR).
1. Which Parameter determines the router that will be selected as the DR in an OSPF network?
The router with the Highest OSPF Priority on a particular network segment will become the designated router (more info). The DR default OSPF priority for a Cisco Router is 1 but can be manually changed. If there are multiple routers with default OSPF Priority then the Routers elect a Designated Router using the Router ID (more info) (RID) which is basically the highest IP Address with loopbacks being preferred (if configured)
2. Could a router with a priority value of zero assume the role of a DR or a BDR in the OSPF?
An OSPF Priority of 0 (zero) means that the Router is not eligible to be elected for either DR or BDR. The zero interface state is DROTHER.
3. How is the OSPF router ID determined on a Cisco Router?
The OSPF Router ID (RID) on a Cisco Router is determined by the highest IP address configured on an interface (if not manually configured), or IP Address on a loopback interface.
4. What is the role of the DR and BDR in the OSPF network?
The role of the DR and BDR in an OSPF Network is to handle and monitor adjacencies with other routers in the network. This is because in an OSPF network adjacencies grow at a quadratic rate. This means that instead of exchanging routing information with all other routers the routers exchange information with the DR and BDR. Then in turn the DR and BDR relay the information to other routers.
Notes and Notices: This is a part of my personal BSCI notes and research to assist myself in learning and understanding the concepts and theory for the BSCI exam. I learn by making notes reading and writing things down and wish to file them where I cannot lose them. These notes are not to be seen, judged or mistaken for replacements to Cisco recognized and authorized training which I personally support and attend and suggest you undertake if you are going for the BSCI Certification.